Fishing Bait 101: A Complete Guide for Every Fisherman Leave a comment

Fishing bait greatly influences the success of your fishing. Fishing can be challenging when it comes to choosing the right bait, as no single bait will be perfect for every weather or species of fish and the situations.

Even if you consider all this, the importance of selecting the right bait when fishing should never be underestimated.

Your fishing bait is the only important thing that will make a difference between the success and failure of your fishing.

Things to Consider When a Fishing Bait

Variety is the term when it comes to choosing the bait for your fishing. If you visit a tackle store you will find there are a multitude of sizes, colors, and types of bait.

Black and Silver Fishing Reel - overview of a fishing bait
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Consider the tips below before you visit the tackle store and come by purchasing the right bait:

  • Match your bait to the fish prey by mimicking the color of the prey. Consider the size and color of your bait according to the fish you have identified to lure.
  • Consider the location to choose the right bait, as freshwater fish respond to artificial bait and saltwater responds to live baits. 
  • Considering the weather pattern is important as this will help you know the behavior of the fish.
  • Consider the season as this can affect the temperature of the water. Ensure to adjust your bait accordingly.

How to Choose the Right Fishing Bait?

There are various factors to be considered if you want to select the right bait that will increase your chances of fishing with success.

Identify the Type of Fish You Want to Catch

Before you start your search to get the right bait, you must choose your fish first. Identify the type of fish you are looking to catch.

What is the size of the fish?

Does the fish have a large or a small mouth?

What is the main food source of the fish?

Is the fish that you are choosing a surface or bottom feeder?

Is the fish a predator or does it have teeth?

These are some of the common questions to be considered that you will have to answer if you are going to select the right fishing bait.

If you first identify the type of fish that you are looking to catch, your work will get easier to select the right bait for your fish. You will be able to decide if you need to choose a natural or artificial bait, the color of the bait, and size.

A simple rule to follow is that you will have to mimic your bait with the type of fish that you are targeting. Knowing your fish will play a vital role in choosing the right bait.

Person Holding Red and Yellow Heart Ornament
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Consider the Weather Conditions to Choose the Right Fishing Bait

Weather conditions have a great influence on the behavior of the fish, what they will eat, and many other things.

Consider if it is raining, fish generally won’t eat, it will be useless if you put your bait during this time. Generally, fish prefer to eat near the water surface where it will be cool weather either in the morning or evening. They tend to retrieve towards the bottom when the temperature is high.

In general, the type of bait you will choose depends on the weather condition. If it’s cool you can choose top-water bait as fish are lethargic. You can choose worms or jigs bait when the temperature is high. You should also consider the surroundings when choosing your bait.

Check if the water is dirty. If you fish in clean water, more bites will be attracted whereas dirty water can be just perfect for bright-colored baits. 

Learn About the Various Types of Fishing Baits

There are various types and sizes of fishing bait. They can be either natural or artificial. These vary in size, color, and shape. Do consider all these, it will be of great help.

Natural Bait

If you are choosing Natural baits, whether dead or alive, is considered as the best option as fish tends to recognize their look and also the smell.

Natural bait can include worms, shrimp, crayfish crabs, insects, and leeches. You can choose natural bait depending on the type of fish you want to catch.

However, this sometimes can be bad, as they are transferred from one place to another which can disrupt the ecosystem. Thus, if you choose natural bait, choose something from the same area of your fishing.

Black and Silver Fish Hook Earrings
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Artificial Bait

The idea of using artificial bait is to mimic the look and movement of the bait with the fish prey.

Artificial baits are easily available and requires less maintenance and is durable. This makes artificial baits economical. These include soft plastic lures, spinners, crankbaits, flies.

There are three important factors to be considered if you want to go with artificial bait:

  • Color: Select your fishing bait that will look exactly like fish prey. You can select natural colors if you are fishing in clear water and bright colors if the water is muddy.
  • Shape: This is a crucial term when choosing the right bait for fishing. The shape of the bait has to mimic the fish prey.
  • Size: The type of fish prey should correspond to the size of the bait. For example, if you want to prey on a bass, you will have to select a larger bait. If you are targeting small fish, then go with smaller bait.


Fishing is a challenge and at the same time is an enjoyable adventure. As there is no science involved to choose the right bait that can work with every type of fish in every condition.

You need to be creative in selecting the right bait for your fishing. It is about making informed choices. Considering the above factors you will walk home happily with a catch.

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